Supernova Explosions

Perhaps one of the most absolutely beautiful and unique sights that can be described in present day astronomy is that of Supernova explosions. Supernova explosions is a much more concentrated version of a nova, and therefore cause an extremely high level of luminosity that can cause exponentially powerful levels of radiation to burst that can for a short period of time light up an entire galaxy. To give an example of how powerful these supernova explosions are, the amount of energy the sun can emit over its life time, is equal to the amount of energy one super nova can radiate in that short amount of time. The first documented supernova to ever be discovered, SN 185, was founded by a group of Chinese astronomers around 185 A.D. However, the term supernova was first coined by a Swiss astronomer named Fritz Zwicky in 1926. The supernova events that were experienced time and time again over the course of literal centuries was never given a name but rather explained, as this experience was sought to be so overwhelming that a name would never fit.

There are multiple types of supernovae that can be grouped into either type I or type II. Each of these can be activated in two different ways as well, by either the immediate action of turning off or turning on an energy through a complex process known as nuclear fusion, or basically when two or more atomic nuclei fuse together to form a single nucleus. Although this sounds simple, this is a complex process that involves many entities to be precise as well as all appear in a set order, which is why making the overall idea of a super nova very rare! The last supernova to be seen within the Milky Way was 1604; however, the remnants left over from the super nova indicate that supernovas occur once every 48 to 52 years. The remnants play a key part in identifying supernovas. The remnants are products of the explosion of the supernova and can be seen in several different ways. Each remnant is a product that corresponds to what type, either I or II, the supernova was. The types of supernovas are all dependent upon hydrogen, if the supernova does not consist or have any hydrogen than it is a type I super nova, however, if the supernova does have hydrogen it is type II. The type of supernova in terms of potency or luminosity is still somewhat unknown, as these extremely gorgeous compositions of energy are still being studied. However, the concept of a supernova is unique nonetheless, and these absolutely beautiful supernovas generally have pictures that can be seen online or in astronomical catalogues.




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