Temperature on Venus

The universe�s hottest planet, Venus, is so unbearably hot that very few things could survive on this planet. Venus�s temperature is around 460 degrees Celsius most of the time, which is about an average of 863 degrees Fahrenheit. Although Venus is very similar to Earth, in geophysical terms, it has no similarities whatsoever regarding temperature. On Venus, the temperature is set to around 460 degrees whether it is day or night at any section of the planet. The funny thing is that Venus reaches this extreme temperature even though it is not the closest planet to the sun. So, why and how does Venus get its extreme heat? The planet�s burning temperatures are greatly a result of the planet�s atmosphere. The planet�s atmosphere is made up of thick yellow clouds that cover up the planet�s surface. Similar to the moon, Venus is a plain rock. The poisonous atmosphere would instantly kill off any breathing creature that would dare enter the planet. Also, the greenhouse effect is strongest in Venus out of all the planets. This intense heat also comes from the clouds that make Venus�s surface invisible. These clouds are mostly made up of carbon dioxide, which makes a greenhouse effect that traps the Sun�s heat. Therefore, it is impossible for the planet to cool down at all. Furthermore, the fact that Venus�s temperature stays the same around the whole planet and at all times is due to the planet having very little axial tilt. Evidently, water and water vapor are almost impossible to find on Venus due to its intensely high surface temperature.

Interestingly, Venus is called Earth�s twin or sister because of their similarity in size. Many astronomers believe that billions of years ago, the planet had an atmosphere quite similar to Earth�s. It could also be possible that in the past, Venus had a good amount of liquid water on it. Perhaps when that water evaporated, it caused the greenhouse gases in the planet�s atmosphere to get out of control. As a result, the atmosphere now has sulfuric clouds.

Moreover, some other information was found by radar imaging done on Venus. The images suggested that volcanoes once dominated the planet�s surface. Many scientists advocate that Venus was resurfaced by volcano activity a few hundred million years ago. Over 1,000 volcanoes or volcanic centers that are larger than 20 kilometers in diameter were found. In addition to the temperature being extreme on Venus, the atmosphere is continuously facing hurricane force winds that reach to 360 kph. Mountains higher than Mt. Everest have also been found on the hot planet. Due to so many harsh conditions all around the planet, it is hard to explore the lifeless rock-like planet called, Venus.

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