The 88 Constellations

The International Astronomical Union officially recognized 88 constellations. A constellation by simple definition is a formation of stars that appear to form a particular shape, figure, or animal from the perspective of someone standing on earth. While the stars in the constellations appear to be close from the human perspective, they can actually be millions of miles apart from one another. Almost all of the constellations are named after mythological creatures or beings. Constellations are differentiated by being identified as either to the north or south of the zodiac, which is the ring of constellations that seems to line out the path of the sun across the celestial sphere.

Latin Name Translation North, South or Within the Zodiac (z)
Andromeda Andromenda North
Antlia Airpump South
Apus Bird of Paradise South
Aquarius Water Bearer Within Zodiac
Aquila Eagle North
Ara Altar South
Aries Ram Within Zodiac
Auriga Charioteer North
Bootes Herdsmen North
Caelum Sculptor’s Tool South
Cameloparadalis Giraffe North
Cancer Crab Within Zodiac
Canes Venatici Hunting Dogs North
Canis Major Great Dog South
Canis Minor Little Dog South
Capricornus Goat Within Zodiac
Carina Keel South
Cassiopeia Cassiopeia North
Centraurus Gentaur South
Cepheus Cepheus North
Cetus Whale South
Chameleon Chameleon South
Circinus Compasses South
Columba Dove South
Coma Berenices Berenice’s Hair North
Corona Australis Southern Crown South
Corona Borealis Northern Crown North
Corvus Crow or Raven South
Crater Cup South
Crux Southern Cross South
Cygnus Swan North
Delphinus Dolphin North
Dorado Swordfish or Goldfish South
Draco Dragon North
Equuleus Filly North
Eridanus Eridanus (river) South
Fornax Furnace South
Gemini Twins Within Zodiac
Grus Crane South
Hercules Hercules North
Horologium Clock South
Hydra Sea Serpent North
Hydrus Water Snake South
Indus Indian South
Lacerta Lizard North
Leo Lion Within Zodiac
Leo Minor Little Lion North
Lepus Hare South
Libra Scales Within Zodiac
Lupus Wolf South
Lynx Lynx North
Lyra Lyre or Harp North
Mensa Table South
Microscopium Microscope South
Monoceros Unicorn South
Musca Southern Fly South
Norma Rule or straight edge South
Octans Octant South
Ophiuchus Serpent-Bearer North
Orion Orion South
Pavo Peacock South
Pegasus Pegasus North
Perseus Perseus North
Phoenix Phoenix South
Pictor Painter or his easel South
Pisces Fishes Within Zodiac
Piscis Austrinus Southern Fish South
Puppis Poop (of Argo) South
Pyxis Mariner’s Compass South
Reticulum Net South
Sagitta Arrow North
Sagittarius Archer Within Zodiac
Scorpius Scorpian Within Zodiac
Sculptor Sculptor South
Scutum Shield North
Serpens Serpent North
Sextans Sextant South
Taurus Bull Within Zodiac
Telescopium Telescope South
Triangulum Triangle North
Triangulum Australe Southern Triangle South
Tucana Toucan South
Ursa Major Big Dipper North
Ursa Minor Little Dipper North
Vela Sail (of Argo) South
Virgo Virgin Within Zodiac
Volans Flying Fish South
Vulpecula Fox North

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